Turkish Wind InstrumentsTurkish Wind Instruments

Turkish Wind Instruments. Zurna, Cifte, Cigirtma, Kaval, Mey, Sipsi, Tulum (Gayda). Brief information on Turkish wind instrumets.

Zurna - Oboe

Zurna

Zurna (oboe) is one of the most important instruments in traditional/local music. The pipe was first made from tree bark, and later panels of copper or brass were added. In the past, the instrument was known by the names "curna", "zurr", "sarna" and "sorna", and called the "sernay" in Persian. The pipe widens towards the bottom, and a reed is placed at the mouth in order to play it. There are a total of seven holes, six on the top and one on the side. The left hand plays the holes nearest the mouth, and the right the remainder.

This pipe can send sounds a long way, which makes it rather distinctive among the musical instruments of the world. It has a powerful, colourful, lively and grandiose sound. The considerable noise it makes means it is largely played in open areas, village weddings, military ceremonies, sports activities, folk dances and the like. It is known to have been used to accompany a number of traditional dances.

The zurna also occupied an important place in Ottoman mehter music, and is known by the names ‘cornet turc,’ ‘corne turc,’ and ‘cornet des turcs,’ and in Hungary by the name ‘török sip.’

The instrument varies between 60 and 30 cm. long, and comes in three types according to it s sound: kaba zurna, orta kaba zurna and cura zurna (zil zurna). It tends to be made from woods such as plum, apricot and boxwood.

Zurna (oboe) is one of the most important instruments in traditional/local music. The pipe was first made from tree bark, and later panels of copper or brass were added. In the past, the instrument was known by the names "curna", "zurr", "sarna" and "sorna", and called the "sernay" in Persian. The pipe widens towards the bottom, and a reed is placed at the mouth in order to play it.
Cifte is a wind instrument used in traditional/local music. It is made by tying two reed pipes together, side by side. Two small reeds are added at the end of each of these two reeds. These two small reeds are placed in the mouth and blown at the same time.
Cigirtma (small fife) is a wind instrument made from the bone of an eagle's wing. It is mainly used by shepherds, and is today well on the way to disappearing.
Kaval (flageolet) is a wind instrument, popularly known as the shepherd’s instrument. It also goes by the names "guval" and "kuval" in some areas. There is a widespread popular belief that shepherds use the kaval to direct their flocks. The word ‘kaval’ itself comes from "kav", meaning hollow.
Mey (small oboe from eastern Anatolia) is a wind instrument, the mey consists of three parts; the main body, the reed and the grip. The latter is attached to the reed in three places, and is pushed up or down, and can by tuned to allow a change of about one tone.
The Sipsi (sile a boatswain’s pipe) is a wind instrument made out of bone, wood or reed. The reed version is most common. A small reed at the end of the instrument produces the sound. This is taken into the mouth and air blown over it.
Tulum (Turkish Bagpipe) is one of the wind instrument group, it consists of three parts; the skin, "nav" and mouthpiece. Air is stored in the skin, and when this is squeezed the air is sent on to the nav, which is itself divided into two parts, the "analik" (main part) and "dillik" (tongue part).