Mevlana Celaleddin Rumi
Another great scholar in Anatolia who enlightened the humanity is however Mevlana Celaleddin Rumi. Mevlana was born in 1207 in Khorasan, died in 1273 in Konya. He received his first lessons from his father Bahaeddin Veled known as "Sultan of Scholars". Mevlana who had grown up complete with the thought of mysticism came across with Sems Tebrizi who was an Akhi and then his own thoughts started to take form. Mevlana’s ability to express his thought of mysticism through poetry helped him to be well known even today in all over the World.
Non-priority is branch of love, root in endlessness.
This greatness does not fit this wisdom, moral.
Be disappear, give up your existence, Your existence is crime.
Love is nothing but to find the true path.
According to Mevlana the most important thing which is necessary for reaching the God is love. A plant, animal may be also loved; however, the only creature that is capable of loving with its body, conscious, thought, memory altogether is human being. Mevlana praised the love felt for a woman; because a person who is capable of loving another person is able to love himself, all human beings, universe and the God. And the best of all loves is the love of Reality” which starts when attained to this knowledge.
Sema which has performed by Mevlevi dervishes by whirling is to reach an agreement with all the World in love, to keep pace with its universal whirling. The fact that one hand faces the sky and the other to the Earth is to present love received from the God to all the World. Soul is a core jetting out from the God, it is immortal. Soul is desirous to turn back to its source, to the God. Sound coming from Reed (Ney) is the sound of soul full of sadness, desiring to turn back the initial source. Mevlana has expressed that the Universe was the endless field of existence of the God and that human being carried a God-Like quality as a part of a whole by saying “ Hey, whoever looks for the God, it is you what you look for…”
Come, whatever you are, come.
It doesn’t matter whether you are an infidel, an idolater or a Pagan, still come.
Come, our convent is not a place of dispair.
Come, even if you violated your swear a houndres times, come again.
As would be seen in the foregoing verses, Mevlana believed in brotherhood of all humanity and difference among religions would not be related with the God-Like presence.
Mevlana attached great importance to women, by stating "As long as you wanted that women should cover themselves with clothes, you would stimulate the desire in everybody to see them. If heart of a woman is good, like a man, whatever ban you put into practice she will lead to the way of goodness. If your heart is bad, whatever you do, you can never affect her." Mevlana advocates equality of a woman with a man.
Students of Mevlana were called "Kitap-el Esrar" (Clerks of Secret), among who had been included Muslims, Jews, Christians, Greeks, Iranians, Arabians, Armenians, Turks. Poems of Mevlana were collated by his Students consisting of so many different religion and nationality and have been arrived up to the present day.